The Sport of Competitive Jump Rope

Worlds 2010While everyone has skipped or watched kids jump rope, few realize that skipping or jump rope is also practiced at a competitive level. Serious jump rope athletes train rigorously year-round. Jumping rope takes immense strength, endurance, focus, and patience, and can be much more than a schoolyard game of chanting rhymes.

Athletes compete in individual and team events using single or double ropes ("Double-Dutch") in speed, endurance and freestyle events. In freestyle events, athletes have a set time limit to demonstrate a combination of skills which are choreographed to music. During the speed events, athletes try to complete as many jumps as possible within a particular amount of time. For example, the world record for 30 second speed is 194 jumps, an amazing 388 revolutions per minute. At that speed, the rope moves at 130 km/hr, fast enough to pass most cars on our highways. Jump rope exhibitions are also frequently staged at events such as festivals, charity functions, and sporting half-time shows.

Competitive jump rope teams attend workshops, training camps, perform for the public, and compete against each other throughout the year. Competing teams consist of athletes of all ages, but are most commonly elementary to high school-aged individuals.

In Canada, the governing jump rope organization is the Canadian Rope Skipping Federation, with assistance from its provincial counterparts such as the Ontario Rope Skipping Organization. With 41 Jump Rope teams and almost 1400 competitive jump rope athletes, Canada makes up about 10% of the world-wide jump rope community of 400 teams and 13,000 athletes.

What is Rope Skipping?

Do you know what Rope Skipping is?! Take a look here first!!! A brief video from the IRSF website (irsf.org). This will tell you all about our sport.

 

A Little History

Skipping literally started as jump rope. Many historians believe that when ancient Egyptian and Chinese rope makers were twisting long strands of hemp into ropes, they needed to jump over them to retrieve strands. They developed this skill and their children began to imitate and invent games with small pieces of rope. Traveling sailors having seen the fun the children were having, and took the ideas and games back to their own land and children.

Rope skipping was taken to America by Dutch settlers during the 1600's and has been written about by English settlers, who migrated to New Amsterdam, later to become known as New York.

During the 1700's rope skipping was mainly performed by boys, as the culture of the time did not encourage girls to be physically active in case they harmed themselves. With changes in the 1800's both boys and girls were encouraged to play in games using skipping. During this time three types of skipping evolved - 1) single rope activities, 2) long rope with two turners and 3) double dutch with two ropes turning in opposite directions.

As girls became more involved in rope skipping during the 1900's, they invented different rhythms and singing games and it became a popular activity

Skipping, rope skipping, jump-rope, or whatever they want to call it. When it comes to the crunch it is an excellent exercise that is relatively easy, has a multitude of benefits and a low injury risk factor.

Masters Competition - Events

As a competitive jump rope team, the Brampton Acro Ropers compete in both individual (Masters) and Team events, according to the rules administered by the Canadian Rope Skipping Federation - www.crsf.net.

As individuals, the althetes compete in 4 events. Competitors are split up according to date of birth.

  • Category Age
  • Novice 1 7 & under
  • Novice 2 8 - 9
  • Novice 3 10 - 11
  • Junior 12 - 14
  • Intermediate 15 - 17
  • Senior 18 - 29
  • Senior Plus 30 & over

Event 1: Speed

Each competitor jumps for 30 seconds, using the alternating step. The objective is to get as many steps completed. Points are deducted for false (early) starts. The world record in this event is 95 which equates to the rope turning under their feet more than 6 times per second at an incredible speed of 380 rpms.

Event 2: Power

Similar to single rope speed relay, except that competitors complete double-unders (14 & under) or triple-unders (15 & over) and that the athletes jump with both feet together. The competitors try to complete as many consecutive jumps, without tripping. Once a competitor trips the event is over. There is a time-limit of 3 minutes of this event. World record for this event is 320, with the Cdn record at 171 set by BAR athlete Jaclyn.

Event 3: Endurance

Similar to the speed event, only that the time limit is 3 minutes. World record for this event is 492, with a Canadian record of 431.

Event 4: Freestyle

In the freestyle event, competitors perform a choreographed routine to music. The competitors perform as many intricate tricks within the time allotted, making sure that tricks flow smoothly from one to another. Points are assigned for creativity of the routine, difficulty of the tricks performed and technical skills. Misses are also factored into the overall score. The routine lasts a minimum of 45 seconds and no more than 75 seconds.

Complete set of rules can by found on the Ontario Rope Skipping Organization website (Orso), at the following link. http://www.orso.on.ca/rules_judging.html.

Team Competition - Events

As a competitive jump rope team, the Brampton Acro Ropers compete in both individual (Masters) and Team events, according to the rules administered by the Canadian Rope Skipping Federation - www.crsf.net.

A team consist of four or five competitors and will compete in the oldest member's age category. There are eight events in which the team will compete. A team must maintain the same composition throughout the eight events. Here are the eight events:

Event 1: Single rope speed relay

This is a four-competitor event. Each competitor jumps for 30 seconds, using the alternating step. Competitor 1 jumps for the first 30 seconds, followed by competitor 2 who jumps for 30 seconds, followed by competitor 3 who jumps for 30 seconds, followed by competitor 4 who jumps for 30 seconds. The total length is two minutes. Points are deducted for false (early) starts.

Event 2: Single rope power relay

Similar to single rope speed relay, except that competitors complete double-unders.

Event 3: Single rope pairs freestyle

In this event, the team is split up into 2 sets of paired competitors. Each pair competes, executing a synchronized freestyle routine (note: in certain competitions, only 1 pair competes). Each competitor uses their own single rope. Skills are completed in unison or the pair must co-operate together in some other way. Points are assigned for creativity of the routine, difficulty of the tricks performed and technical skills. Misses are also factored into the overall score. The routine lasts a minimum of 45 seconds and no more than 75 seconds.

Event 4: Single rope team freestyle

Similar to single pair rope freestyle, except that four competitors complete the same routine at the same time.

Event 5: Double dutch speed relay

This is a three-competitor event, using 2 ropes. Two competitors turn the ropes, while one competitor completes as many alternating steps as possible. Each competitor jumps for 40 seconds. Competitor 1 jumps for the first 40-seconds, switches with the turner (competitor 2) who jumps for 40 seconds, then switches with turner (competitor 3) who
jumps for 40 seconds. Total length is two minutes.

Event 6: Double dutch pairs speed

Similar to double dutch speed relay, except that four competitors perform this event There are two jumpers and two turners. The jumpers each jump for one minute. Competitor 1 jumps for the first minute, then leaves the ropes. Competitor 2 jumps for second minute. Competitor 1 must be out of the ropes before Competitor 2 enters. Successful jumps made while both competitor 1 and 2 are in the ropes will not be counted.

Event 7: Double dutch pairs freestyle

This is a freestyle event using double dutch ropes. Four competitors perform this event, alternating between jumping and turning. The two jumpers perform the same or coordinated tricks at the same time. As with the single rope freestyle event, points are awarded based on creativity, difficulty, and technical skills and misses are factored into the overall score.

Event 8: Double dutch single freestyle

The last event is performed by three competitors who alternate between jumping and turning.

Complete set of rules can by found on the Ontario Rope Skipping Organization website (Orso), at the following link. http://www.orso.on.ca/rules_judging.html.